Three locations –
-St Margaret’s Cave
Located under the City Hotel car park in Dunfermline, St Margaret’s Cave was once the site where St Margaret – also an exiled English Princess – would come to pray. She lived between 1045 and 1093. She was the wife of Malcolm III of Scotland and was an important religious figure of the time, establishing ferry’s across the Forth to allow pilgrim to visit the shrine of St. Andrews as well as other sites in Fife.
The location itself wasn’t accessed by the same entrance you find today, through the City Hotel car park. There are roughly 87 non slip steps up and down to the cave which makes it inaccessible for disabled individuals. The cave itself is adorned with fake rock structures and has a praying statue of St Margaret in the middle. The attraction today is short and sweet, but prolonged with interactive features such as audio fed information and information panels.
Entry is free.
Andrew Carnegie Birthplace Museum –
Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Fife, in 1835 and lived until 1919. He’s known as the second richest man to ever have lived having revolutionized American steel work. He’s known for donating much of his wealth in later years of life to towns and cities, founding their first libraries and schools to expand education – most notably, worldwide, Carnegie Hall in New York City. Today, in Dunfermline, many locations are named after him based on his large impact on the town he spent very little of his life in.
The birthplace museum as seen today features an extension, known as the memorial hall that Carnegies wife proposed after her husbands death. The house, which the Carnegies previously let our to tenants, became a museum/memorial hall in 1928.
Admission to this attraction is also free, and features recent electronic interactive activities in the modern extension of the museum. The original cottage features a real weaving loom and old fashioned room the Carnegies really would have lived in.
Dunfermline Abbey and Palace –
Dunfermline Abbey is nearly 1000 years old, having began construction in the 1100’s. The site itself features a running church and the historical abbey which is now mostly in ruins due to the rough history of Scotland through history. Many notable figure are buried here, including Matilda of Scotland, King Robert the Bruce (minus the heart, currently located in Melrose Abbey), and St. Margaret (whose bones were exhumed and moved to the high alter upon her canonization as a Saint. Her head was removed around the 16th century on request of Mary Queen of scots to help during childbirth as a religious relic. Her heads last known location was in France but since the French revolution hasn’t been able to be located).
Admission, free for the graveyard and main church, but the ruins and the south facing end of the abbey requires admission.